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  • 2019
  • September

Exploring The Different Types Of Wood Used For Furniture

When it comes to furniture, like wardrobes, desks, bedside tables, bookcases, bed frames, dining tables, coffee tables, chest of drawers, dressing tables, bunk bed and more, wood has always been a popular material choice. Some of the most commonly used types of wood for furniture include pine, oak, cherry, maple, MDF, beech, rosewood, teak, walnut, plywood, chipboard, and more. Wood types fall into three main categories: hardwood, softwood, and human-made wood. The sample used will depend on the finish required for the item.


Hardwood is the most durable material, and it comes from deciduous species, like oak. Since wood has more complex structures, it takes much longer to grow. The main feature distinguishing hardwood from softwood is the presence of vessels. Hardwood is typically the most expensive type of wood, and it is needed to make high-quality solid wood furniture. Some of the most popular Western hardwoods include hard maple, pecan, white oak, pecan, beech, yellow birch, black walnut, red oak, hickory, soft maple, hackberry, elm, cherry, gum, alder, sycamore, cottonwood, aspen, yellow poplar, and basswood.

Walnut wood is perfect for making durable, intricate, decorative furniture. There are two different types of walnut wood: American walnut and European walnut. American walnut wood has a darker, more vibrant color, while the European variety is lighter in color. The great thing about the wood is that it works well with steam-bending techniques, so it can be used to create intricate, modern furniture designs that will last for decades.

-Mango wood is harvested from mango trees. The wood has recently gained a lot of popularity due to it’s green, sustainable properties. Mango trees grow very quickly, and they reach felling size before the majority of other trees. The increased use of mango wood for furniture making is helping to reduce the environmental impact of mass production with rare breeds of wood. Mango wood has a kaleidoscopic color pattern with light brown, dark brown, and reddish tones. It is strong, and the close-knit grain creates a smooth, textured finish.


Softwood accounts for around 80% of the globe’s timber production. The material is not necessarily softer than hardwood, but it has a much simpler structure. Trees that provide softwood are typically very fast growing. Some common softwoods include pine, red cedar, spruce, yew, hemlock, and Douglas fir.

Man-made Wood

Human-made wood is created from timber by-products. It is very cheap and sufficient for most jobs. There is high demand from human-made wood because real timber is becoming scarcer and more expensive. The four main types of artificial timber are block wood, MDF, chipboard, and plywood. You will find many of the cheapest pieces of furniture in home stores are made from MDF.

The main reasons wood furniture is so popular is because it’s durable, aesthetically pleasing, homely, easy to care for and versatile. A solid oak desk can cost over £1000, and there are now many antiques that constructed from solid oak. When looking for wood furniture, your budget can be the main factor influences which pieces you can buy.